A fiery presence at the mic and on the silver screen

Mel Tormé

Mel Torme

Also known as the “Velvet Fog,” Mel Tormé enchanted the world with his unforgettable compositions. He was born in Chicago on September 13, 1925. The child of Russian-Jewish immigrants, they had changed their last name from Torma to Tormé upon arriving to America -- thus the unusual name. Tormé was seen as a vocal prodigy from a very early age. He got his first singing gig at age 4, performing “You’re Driving Me Crazy” with the Coon-Sanders Orchestra for $15 a night at Chicago’s Blackhawk restaurant. He continued working in show business, learning drums and songwriting while performing on syndicated radio shows like ''The Romance of Helen Trent'' and ''Jack Armstrong, the All-American Boy.”

He wrote his first hit in 1941 at the age of 16, when Harry James recorded his “Lament to Love.” In 1942, Tormé sang, played drums, and wrote songs for a band led by Chico Marx of the Marx Brothers. One year later, he starred alongside Frank Sinatra in the film Higher and Higher, which led to a close association to Sinatra that would characterize much of his career. In fact, he formed his own band in 1944 -- the Mel-Tones, inspired by Frank Sinatra and his Pied Pipers.

Based out of California, Mel Tormé and the Mel-Tones recorded a number of hits in the early- to mid-‘40s, including a cover of Cole Porter’s "What Is This Thing Called Love?" In 1947, at the age of 21, Tormé starred in another film, Good News, making him a pop superstar and teen idol. Later that year, he dropped the Mel-Tones and went solo. During a residency at New York’s Copacabana, a local DJ gave him the nickname the “Velvet Fog,” due to his exceptionally smooth voice.

He recorded a number of ballads on his own throughout the ‘40s, often teaming up with the Artie Shaw Orchestra. Though his 1949 single “Careless Hands” would be his only chart topper, Tormé later became known for another song recorded that year -- “Blue Moon,” still a slow-dance standard to this day. Another ‘40s hit for Tormé was “The Christmas Song.” Though Nat King Cole popularized the song, Tormé and frequent collaborator Bob Wells wrote the song in 1946. Tormé says he and Wells wrote it in the middle of a hot summer in an effort to keep cool. Starting with “Chestnuts roasting on an open fire” and going from there, he says they wrote the song in under an hour.

The ‘40s would be Tormé’s heyday. In addition to being a teen idol, bandleader, and prolific songwriter, he was the undisputed King of Cool Jazz. As a stark contrast to the hard-hitting bebop style coming out of New York City nightclubs, cool jazz emphasized slower tempos, more traditional melodies, and a softer, ballad style of singing. He, Cole, and Sinatra made it a mainstay on the charts.

Eventually, though, the popularity of cool jazz gave way to rock and roll in the early ‘50s. Though Tormé continued recording jazz throughout the decade, he never reached the same level of commercial success. He briefly wrote and arranged music for CBS’s Judy Garland Show, but was fired after a disagreement with Garland.

The ‘70s and beyond were much kinder to Tormé. As jazz became popular once more, he received offers to tour and record new music. His annual residency at Michael's Pub became a staple of the Manhattan music scene, and he was eventually asked to play Carnegie Hall in 1977. Throughout the ‘80s and early ‘90s, Tormé continued writing and recording new music, touring the globe, and even reprising his role as an actor on many television shows. He died in Los Angeles at the age of 73 on June 5, 1999.

Tormé paved the way for the mainstream success of cool jazz. Bands like The Hi-Los and The Four Freshman quickly followed on the heels of Tormé and his Mel-Tones, though none could reach his level of fame. An impressive all-around musician, Tormé can’t be remembered for just one thing. His rich, velvety voice lives on in “Blue Moon,” while his amazing songwriting skill can be seen to this day in “The Christmas Song.”

Mel Torme Videos

Mel Torme:When Sunny Gets Blue .flv

"When Sunny Gets Blue" by Mel Torme

Torme really shows off in this live recording of "When Sunny Gets Blue." The whole performance is solo -- just Torme, his voice, and a piano.

Peggy Lee & Mel Tormé - A Fine Romance

Mel Torme and Peggy Lee sing "A Fine Romance"

Like Torme, Peggy Lee was an actor/singer from the '40s and '50s.

Mel Torme - Mountain  Greenery

Mel Torme performs "Mountain Greenery" on live TV

"Mountain Greenery" was originally written by Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart. In 1956, Torme made it a top 10 hit.

Mel Torme "I'll Remember April" acting in his own screenplay

Mel Torme sings "I'll Remember April" with Ben Gazarra

This solo performance by Torme comes from an episode of the TV drama Run For Your Life.

Mel Torme and Jon Hendricks "Down for Double"

"Down For Double" sang by Mel Torme and Jon Hendricks

Here, Mel Torme and fellow vocalist Jon Hendricks duet alongside the Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra.

Mel Torme in concert 1981 part 1

Mel Torme live in concert in 1981: Part 1

In 1981, Mel Torme played the Northsea Jazz Festival, and the whole thing was recorded on tape.

Mel Torme in concert 1981  part 2 In a mountain Greenery

Mel Torme live in concert in 1981: Part 2

This is the second part of Mel Torme's performance for the 1981 Northsea Jazz Festival.

Mel Torme in concert 1981 part 3 ( bluesette )

Mel Torme live in concert in 1981: Part 3

This is the end of Mel Torme's full-length set for the 1981 Northsea Jazz Festival.

Mel Tormé - Don't Get Around Much Anymore [outtake] (The Judy Garland Show)

Mel Torme sings "Don't Get Around Much Anymore" on the Judy Garland Show

Early in his career, Mel Torme received the nickname "The Velvet Fog" due to his extremely smooth voice.

Mel Torme with pianist John Colianni - "Pick Yourself Up", 1994

Mel Torme performs "Pick Yourself Up" at Ambassador Auditorium in 1994

This is one of Torme's last recorded performances. After 65 years, Torme ended his career in 1996.

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